SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico -- Safe access routes, electricity, drinking water, and sanitation are all essential in the aftermath of a disaster. Less instinctual, yet every bit as essential to long-term recovery, is minimizing damage to wildlife and natural resources during the restoration of critical infrastructure.

In the context of repair and replacement of civil works, including transmission towers and levees, Best Management Practices must be used if U.S. federal funding pays for restoration. A BMP is typically an action determined to be an effective and reasonable means of preventing or reducing damage to natural resources and wildlife that may occur in the course of restoring critical infrastructure.