- What is it?
Pursuant to the Clean Water Act (CWA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) establishes and executes federal regulations for wastewater and stormwater management. These standards restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters and watersheds by regulating the discharge of pollutants and toxics into U.S. waters.
- What has the Army done?
As an owner and operator of many wastewater treatment systems, the U.S. Army complies with and implements all applicable CWA provisions and regulations while overseeing the treatment and discharge of wastewater. The following activities are examples of actions the Army carries out as components of wastewater management:
- Operating, maintaining and upgrading Army system equipment to assure discharges meet the facility's National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit requirements
- Managing a pretreatment program
- Conducting sampling and analysis of wastewater
- Managing biosolids from the treatment processes by land filling, land application, surface disposal, incineration, or composting
- Maintaining records and submitting discharge-monitoring reports
- Implementing and managing Best Management Practices (BMPs) for stormwater
Although the Army is in the process of privatizing many drinking water systems, some systems will remain under Army control and CWA requirements will still apply.
USAEC's role in promoting environmental compliance for the Army in the area of wastewater management includes:
- Reviewing all CWA rulemakings
- Preparing Army impact analyses and comments on potential rulemakings
- Preparing guidance documents, including pollution prevention options
- Developing tools to assist installations in complying with CWA requirements
- Performing audits at installations to assist with compliance
- Working with the Army Environmental Division of the ACSIM Installation Services Directorate (ISE) and the Installation Management Command (IMCOM) to develop compliance strategies
- Tracking the Army's progress on meeting DoD and Army environmental goals
- Supporting installations when requested
- Maintaining contact with the EPA to stay abreast of current and future initiatives
- Representing the Army on DoD committees, along with ISE
- Hosting discussion groups within the Army to exchange lessons learned and share information
- Why is this important?
As an owner and operator of many wastewater treatment systems and a permit holder for many stormwater permits, the U.S. Army complies with and implements all applicable CWA provisions and regulations while overseeing the treatment and discharge of wastewater. The majority of wastewater regulations have some level of impact on the Army.
- Read more about it:
- Industrial Effluent Guidelines
- Overseas Environmental Baseline Guidance Document
- EPA's Office of Wastewater Management
- EPA 40 CFR Subchapter D - Water Programs
- EPA 40 CFR Subchapter N - Effluent Guidelines and Standards
- EPA 40 CFR Subchapter O - Sewage Sludge
- Water resources management regulations are addressed in Chapter 4 of Army Regulation 200-1, Environmental Protection and Enhancement